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Scientific Past Papers

IBA BOARD OF EDUCATION INTERMEDIATE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS 

COMPILED BY BREANDÁN Ó COCHLÁIN PHD, DIC, DSC, NAT DIP SC (APIC) PROFESSOR EMERITUS, (PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY)

Download PDF: Intermediate Scientific Exam 2018

This examination is in 3 parts.  
There is a practical component at an apiary, and there are 2 written examination papers in the Intermediate Structure held on alternate years.

Paper 1: Husbandry Practice (aka Practical)              Paper 2: Theory ( aka Scientific)

The duration of both written examination papers is set at 3 hours.  Both types of exam must be passed to achieve accreditation to Intermediate level.  

Paper 1 (Husbandry practice) 
A typical examination paper at this level will utilise 6 questions from these listed below.

On the examination paper itself, Question 1 is mandatory and any 4 of the remaining  5 must be attempted.

Draw diagrams and sketches where appropriate.
Write clearly and adhere strictly to the subject matter of the questions (read & re-read the question).
It is a good idea to help the Examiner who will be marking  your paper by using separate paragraphs for each separate point in your answer.

If you answer the extra question you will be marked using the best 4 answers plus the marks awarded for question 1. (exam tip; attempting the 6th question reduces the time budget per question from 36 minutes per question to 30 minutes).  Each question is worth 20 marks.

These questions have appeared on examinations set by the compiler above previously.  
The material in the questions is from a typical intermediate syllabus. (ref. Background to Beekeeping, Vol. 1 Allan C. Waine ISBN 0 905652-33-9 and Vol 2 ref. ISBN 0 905652-34-7).

Future examinations may utilise a combination of these questions in previous use along with some new questions devised for new developments or practices in beekeeping.  If preparing for this examination, and you wish to test yourself, do the following:

  1. Select a set of 5 questions.
  2. As at the examination itself allow yourself a maximum of 180 minutes to complete the 5 questions and don’forget to leave some time over so that you can read back over your answers before handing up your script. (exam tip; allow a maximum of 34 minutes per question, with 10 minutes reserved for a read over)
  3. Use the reference material (see above) to check your answers.  If in doubt, ask a suitably qualified beekeeper for assistance.

To pass you must achieve 70% plus. (70 marks or better)

THEORY EXAMINATION QUESTIONS


Q1
With respect to both American and European foulbrood describe the causative agents, show clearly how the disease affects larvae, how it may be detected and what further subsequent action is necessary.

20 marks

Q2
(1)     Describe, with the aid of a diagram, the circulatory system of the honeybee.

(2) Describe the importance and the principal functions of the haemolymph.
10 marks each

Q3
(1)     Write a scientific account of sacbrood, chalkbrood, chilled brood and   
     stonebrood.

(2) Sketch the life-cycle of the honeybee and show how it forms the basis of the
     nine/ten day inspection system of swarm control.
10 marks each

Q4
Write notes on five of the  seven following topics:
corbicula/pollen basket;
Bayvarol;
fermentation of honey;
the functions of the antennae;
the acarine mite;
varroa;
trachea.
4 marks per topic

Q5
  1. Describe with the aid of a sketch how plant fertilisation occurs; pay particular attention to the role of the bee.
    Describe how oxygen is carried to the body tissue in the honeybee and how carbon dioxide is eliminated.

10 marks each

Q6
(1)    Describe how the individual bee orientates to its hive.

(2)  Describe how bees communicate to other bees in their colony the location of a source of nectar.
10 marks each

Q7
Give a detailed account of the signs of Varroa, describing the methods of detection, methods of monitoring its presence in the hive and the treatments available in this country.

20 marks

Q8
(1)    Describe, with the aid of a diagram, the structure and function of the alimentary system.
(2)    Describe the structure and function of the legs of the adult honeybee.
10 marks each

Q9
Write an account of the value of  pollen and honey to a honeybee colony.

20 marks

Q10.
Write notes on five of the following seven items:
the hypopharyngeal gland;
pollination and fertilisation of a flowering plant;
the function of the blood in the honeybee;
pheromones;
bee viruses;
spiracles;
chalkbrood.

4 marks per topic

Q11.
(1)    Show with the aid of a diagram, the life-cycle of the honeybee and indicate clearly how it forms the basis of the nine/ten day inspection interval used by beekeepers during swarm control.    
15 marks
(2)    Write a short account of parthenogenesis in the honey bee.
5 marks

Q12.
Give an account of caste production in the female of the honeybee, including the differences between cells, constitution of food and feeding.
20 marks

Q13.
Give a detailed account of the life cycle and natural history of Varroa jacobsoni, its development in the honeybee colony, ways of monitoring its presence and methods of treatment.
20 marks

Q14.

  1. Draw a labelled diagram of the alimentary system in the honeybee.
    Describe the structure and function of the legs of the adult honeybee.


10 marks each

Q15.
Describe the organisation of a honeybee colony including the role of pheromones, particularly queen substance, Nasonov pheromone and the two alarm pheromones.
20 marks

Q16.
Write notes on five of the following seven items:
the hypopharyngeal gland;
pollination and fertilisation of a flowering plant;
the function of the blood in the honeybee;
crystallisation of honey,
how bees produce wax,
honeybee respiration,
sense of smell in the bee.
4 marks per topic

Q17.
(1)    Describe the conversion of nectar to honey and the inter-relationships of nectar, honey and water in the honeybee colony.
15 marks

5 marks

Q18.
With regard to the different species of honeybee, compare their characteristics and geographic location; indicate their use to mankind.

20 marks

Q19.
(1)    Excluding varroosis, give a detailed account of the treatment of adult bee diseases.

(2)    Give a brief account of the expert services available to you as a beekeeper to combat bee disease.
15 marks


5 marks

Q21.
(1) Name the exocrine glands of the worker honeybee.
5 marks
(2) Write an account of the function of each of these glands.
15 marks

Q23.
Write notes on five of the following seven items:
  the function of the blood in the honeybee;
Bayvarol;
fermentation of honey;
the functions of the antennae;
the acarine mite;
varroa;
bee pheromones.

4 marks per topic

Q24.
“Honey is an unstable solution of sugars and other substances”⎯ discuss this statement in detail and describe “the other substances”.
20 marks

Q26.
(1)     Describe with the aid of a sketch how plant fertilisation occurs; pay particular attention to the role of the honeybee.

(2) Describe how oxygen is carried to the body tissue in the honeybee and how carbon dioxide is eliminated.
10 marks each


Q27.
Give a detailed account of the signs of Varroa, describing the methods of its detection,  methods of monitoring its presence in the hive and the control measures available in Ireland.

20 marks

Q28.

  1. Make a sketch of the hind leg of the worker bee and label five parts.

  2. Using your sketch in (1) describe how pollen is collected, transported back to the hive and stored.

10 marks each


Q29.
With the aid of a diagrams, describe the circulatory system of the honey bee.  Comment briefly on any major differences between it an our human system.

20 marks


Q30.
Write notes on five of the following seven items:
 the function of the blood in the honeybee;
communication dances of honeybee workers;
the honeybee sting;
the moisture content of honey;
constituents and physical properties of beeswax;
royal jelly;
bee pheromones;

4 marks per topic

Q31.
“In the honeybee colony, behaviour and the division of labour is largely controlled by the maturation and age of the glandular system”.  
        Discuss this statement.
20 marks

Q32.
(1)     Describe sexual reproduction in the honeybee; in your account include the effects of multiple mating and parthenogenesis.

(2) Describe the excretory system of the honeybee.
10 marks each

Q33.

  1. Give a short account of the life history of Varroa destructor.

  2. Give five examples of how the various treatments for varroosis are linked to the life cycle of the mite.

10 marks each

Q34.

  1. Draw a labelled diagram of the exocrine glandular system of the honeybee.
  2. In your opinion, what are the three most important glands in the honeybee?

        Why do you think they are the most important?
        Describe their function.
10 marks each

Q35.

  1. Draw a labelled diagram of a flower of value to bees.
  2. Show how fertilisation occurs in the flower.
  3. Why are honeybees so valuable as pollinators of crops?
  4. Why is pollen an essential constituent of the honeybee diet?

5 marks per topic

Q36.
Write notes on five of the seven following topics:
haemolymph;
hamuli;
parthenogenesis;
the functions of the antennae;
invertase;
nosema;
ventriculus.

4 marks per topic

Q37.
Give an account of metamorphosis in the three castes of honey bee, starting at day one, when the egg is laid and finishing with the emergence of the insect.
20 marks

Q38.
Describe in detail, with the aid of a diagrams, the respiratory system of the honeybee.
20 marks

Q39.
Give an account of metamorphosis in the honeybee ⎯ begin at day one, when the egg is laid and finish with the emergence of the insect.
20 marks

Q40.

  1. Make a sketch of the internal abdomen of the honey bee and label five important organs.
    Describe the functions of the five items you named in (1).

10 marks each